while2 days agoathena coleman mixed research wk 9collapsepubh 8110h H e a l t h M e d i c a l

while2 days agoathena coleman mixed research wk 9collapsepubh 8110h H e a l t h M e d i c a l

1 day ago

Oralus Paul

Week 9 Discussion


Post your response to the question, “To what extent is mixed methods research simply taking a quantitative design and a qualitative design and putting them together?”

Mixed methods research originated in the social sciences and its procedures have been developed and refined to suit a wide variety of research questions (Creswell and Plano Clark, 2011). It is often referred to as the “third wave” or third research movement, a movement that moves past the paradigm wars by offering a logical and practical alternative. Along the same line of thinking, Mixed methods research can be defined as the class of research where the researcher mixes or combines quantitative and qualitative research techniques, methods, approaches, concepts, or language into a single study (Johnson & Onwuegbuzie, 2004). In essence, it is a more inclusive approach that allows researchers multiple avenues to address the research questions. In fact, many research questions and combinations of questions are best and most fully answered through mixed research solutions (Johnson & Onwuegbuzie, 2004).

There are several reasons for using mixed methods in health science research. Researchers may seek to view problems from multiple perspectives to enhance and enrich the meaning of a singular perspective. They also may want to contextualize information, to take a macro picture of a system (e.g., a hospital) and add in information about individuals (e.g., working at different levels in the hospital). Other reasons include to merge quantitative and qualitative data to develop a more complete understanding of a problem; to develop a complementary picture; to compare, validate, or triangulate results; to provide illustrations of context for trends, or to examine processes/experiences along with outcomes (Plano Clark, 2010)

Next, explain the types of research questions best served by mixed methods research. Then, explain one strength and one limitation of mixed methods research.

As mentioned previously, justification to mix both types of methods and data are that neither quantitative nor qualitative methods could adequately within themselves cover the scopes and depths of the questions on “what”, “how” and “why” (Fung & Siow, 2013). In a mixed-methods study, researchers typically delineate research questions that pertain specifically to the analysis of quantitative data and ones that pertain specifically to the analysis of qualitative data. It is possible also to add research questions that can be answered by the combination of the interpretations of both kinds of analysis (Stanford University, n.d.).

Using a mixed methods study has several advantages. One of the most obvious strengths of this method is the fact that it provides methodological flexibility. Mixed methods have great flexibility and are adaptable to many study designs, such as observational studies and randomized trials, to elucidate more information than can be obtained in only quantitative research (Wisdom & Creswell, 2013). However, this method also has some limitations to include among others the fact that it requires increased resources. Mixed methods studies are labor-intensive and require greater resources and time than those needed to conduct a single method study (Wisdom & Creswell, 2013).

Finally, provide a rationale for or against the utility of mixed methods research in your discipline.

In the field of public health/epidemiology, the quantitative approach has allowed researchers to understand health problems (what) and for computing the magnitude of health problems according to time, place, and person characteristics (when, where, and who) as well as for determining the causes of these problems (why and how). Whereas, the qualitative paradigm allows them to develop an in-depth understanding of the social phenomenon, that is, why and how of human behavior or decision making, rather than finding out only the what, when, where, and who aspects of the behavior, by using research methods which rely more on unstructured interviews, focus group discussion (FGD), case study, participant observation, etc. (Kaur, 2016).

In the recent past, public health has witnessed a paradigm shift from only delivering the interventions to understanding the health behavior of people, especially to prioritize options on how the risk behaviors can be addressed to reduce harm. Mixed method research approach may provide some directions in this regard for formulation and evaluation of health communication strategy. Putting the knowledge into practice or translational or implementation research to enhance health equity, that is, reducing health status differences between and within population groups, is another area where mixed method research can lead to formulation of policies that enhance access to effective care by provision of user-friendly public health services to those who need it most (Kaur, 2016).


Creswell, J. W., & Clark, V. L. (2011). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. SAGE.

Fung, H. P., & Siow, H. L. (2013). Relationship between team satisfaction and project performance as perceived by project managers in Malaysia – A mixed methods study. Open Journal of Social Science Research, 1(9), 238. https://doi.org/10.12966/ojssr.12.02.2013

Johnson, R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14-26. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189×033007014

Kaur, M. (2016). Application of mixed method approach in public health research. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 41(2), 93. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.173495

Plano Clark, V. L. (2010). The adoption and practice of mixed methods: U.S. trends in Federally funded health-related research. Qualitative Inquiry, 16(6), 428-440. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077800410364609

Stanford University. (n.d.). Mixed-methods research. https://tomprof.stanford.edu/posting/1554

Wisdom, J., & Creswell, J. W. (2013). Mixed methods: Integrating quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis while studying patient-centered medical home models. PCMH Resource Center. https://pcmh.ahrq.gov/page/mixed-methods-integrating-quantitative-and-qualitative-data-collection-and-analysis-while

2 days ago

Athena Coleman

Mixed research wk 9


PUBH 8110H: Research Theory, Design, and Methods

Week 9 Discussion 1

Walden University

By: Athena Coleman

Instructor: Dr. Skiranta Banerjee

Research is the (Dictionary, 2020)” diligent and systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, applications.” Research is used to analyze the purpose of the research problem. Therefore, if a qualitative or quantitative method is used, research characteristics have to be generalized. Research characteristics (Bhat, 2020) is” a systematic approach must be followed for accurate data, Rules and procedures are an integral part of the process that set the objective, and Researchers that practice ethics and a code of conduct while making observations or drawing conclusions.” Hence, understanding that “Research is based on logical reasoning and involves both inductive and deductive methods. (Bhat, 2020)”

Mixed method research is the composer of one of more principles from the qualitative and quantitative designs. The basics of mixed research “integration permit a more complete and synergistic utilization of data than do separate quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis (Widsom, Creswell, 2013).” The mixed research method is quantitative data to expand quantitative findings. The analysis uses quantitative tools and qualitative collect tools to answer the research problem.

The research addressed the research problem by defining the purpose, problem, and limitations of mixed research frameworks. The research was able to clearly define the research problem with the rationale of both frameworks collecting methods. The research problem was framed from the history to the expansion of the framework to theorized the research. The research wasn’t thoroughly defined to convey the research problem. The citation for the literature review was mostly current, but history details weren’t from new sources. The citation was compared to many resources; the resource was able to support the research problem.

The researcher was able to introduce to the audience by staying the combination principles with quantitative and qualitative methods to characterize mixed research. The article provided population and participation details, but the sample size wasn’t detailed. But, the evidence justified the approach of using a mixed research instead of qualitative or quantitative research for health topics. The literature was able to explain mixed research and provided evidence to expand the framework into health subjects.

Maternal mortality is an excellent subject for mixed research. The research can analyze statistical information to evaluate the prevalence of MM in the community. Along with the previous survey and data to evaluate the policy change that could impact the prevalence of MM.


Bhat, Adi.(2020). What is Research – Definition, Methods, Types & Examples. https://pcmh.ahrq.gov/page/mixed-methods-integrating-quantitative-and-qualitative-data-collection-and-analysis-while

2 days ago

Maia Junco

MMR week 9


8110 Research Theory, Design, and Methods

Dr. Srikanta Banerjee

Maia Junco

Mixed-Method Research

To what extent is mixed methods research simply taking a quantitative design and a qualitative design and putting them together?”

Mixed-method research (MMR) combines both, qualitative – the emic- and quantitative- the etic- perspectives of researchers and participants. Scientists use this method only if the research question and purpose merits the use of inductive and deductive analysis. When a researcher uses the mixed method they should take an intersubjective stance that links objective and statistical information with subjective and constructivist observations(Burkholder et al.,2020). Scholars and practitioners use MMR to improve the quality of studies through triangulation (more quality and validity in data measures), complementarity (a clear view of the content), development of stages in the study, initiation( new views of issues), and the expansion of ideas and knowledge (Burkholder et al.,2020). After defining the research question, the association between the two methods should result in an abductive approach (Burkholder et al.,2020).

Types of research questions best served by mixed methods research.

The type of research questions used for MMR examines complex issues through measuring data and exploring a phenomenon(Burkholder et al.,2020). The purpose of an MMR should be to have a positive impact on the individual, community, or society. An example of this is the use of MMR in Evidence-based interventions and participatory research that uses randomized control trials to test an intervention combined with interviews and observations that give an idea of the conditions in which this intervention was done. This type of study combines the power of scientific data analysis of an etic perspective with the view of participants, which is an emic perspective, to expand our knowledge and help develop new policies and change society with the power of science. Burkholder et al., 2020; Jhonson & Onwuegbuzie. 2004 discussed MMR as a third paradigm with a core in pragmatism based on ‘purpose, context and consequences’(Burkholder et al.,2020)

Explain one strength and one limitation of mixed methods research.

MMR studies have several strengths, it improves the quality of a study by making a more complete analysis and using the power of Quantitative and qualitative analysis. A limitation of MMR is that is more difficult to conduct the methodology, it may take a larger group of scientists and it is usually more expensive to conduct. (Jhonson & Onwuegbuzie, 20004)

The utility of mixed methods research in your discipline

I am in favor of using a mixed-method within my discipline of public health. I see the MMR as an opportunity to study and discover determinants of health in the community with a more holistic approach. I am interested in the effectiveness of health care practice and disease management for the early diagnosis and prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). I will find out how social and cultural factors influence the development of the disease and the relationship between the healthcare system, patients, and their families. With this approach, I would look forward to decreasing health disparities in minorities such as the Hispanic community through participatory research, by having an impact on the way primary doctors approach AD in the early stages of screening and diagnosis. I was lucky to participate in the Virtual Annual American Public health Convention this week and most of the research studies presented were related to social change in these historic times we are living in, which aligned with the goal of mixed-method to produce a change in policy and society that is proposed by researchers with the transformative view (Burkholder et al., 2020)


Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., Crawford, L. M., & Hitchcock, J. H. (Eds.). (2020). Research designs and methods: An applied guide for the scholar-practitioner. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jhonson R. B., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has ome. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14-26. Retrieved from 2 days ago

colette smith

Week 9 discussion question


To what extent is mixed methods research simply taking a quantitative design and a qualitative design and putting them together

A mixed methods research is taking the elements of both quantitative and qualitative studies and using them in various ways in the study (Collins & O’cathain, 2009). Mixed methods research is defined as the class of research where the researcher mixes or combines quantitative and qualitative research techniques, methods, approaches, or concepts into a single study(Johnson & Onwuegbuzie, 2004, p. 16). It is the cumulation of data that complement each other and compensate for the other methodologies inherit weaknesses. Mixed methods research is a collection of data collected in multiple ways to highlight the strengths of each quantitative and qualitative methodologies. The mixed methods research improves the quality of the study and can be used in various stages within the research..

Types of research questions best served by mixed methods research.

Mixed methods research is beneficial when unknown aspects of a phenomena are answered with information that is presented in both narrative and numerical forms. It provides the subjective and objective data. This research takes a holistic approach to understand the phenomena. ’

One strength of mixed methods research.

Mixed methods research allows the researcher to maximize on the strengths of one methodology and to augment the weaknesses of another study (Johnson & Onwuegbuzie, 2004).

One limitation of mixed methods research.

Mixed methods research may be difficult for a single person to carry out especially if it requires the quantitative and qualitative to run concurrently(Johnson & Onwuegbuzie, 2004).

Finally, provide a rationale for or against the utility of mixed methods research in your discipline.

Mixed methods research is necessary in public health research to present the objective numbers and statistics but also answer the questions as to why this phenomena is happening in the subjective or qualitative sense.


Collins, K., & O’cathain, A. (2009). Introduction. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, 3(1), 2–7. Retrieved October 29, 2020, from https://doi.org/10.5172/mra.455.3.1.2

Johnson, R., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14–26. Retrieved October 29, 2020, from https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189×033007014