research possible options relevant H e a l t h M e d i c a l

research possible options relevant H e a l t h M e d i c a l

Format: 4-5 page paper (not including the title page and reference page) submitted via Turnitin; APA format (double-spaced, Times New Roman, 12pt font). The paper should be written in a narrative form. No bullet points.

Your paper should include the following sections:

I. Introduction

    • In an introductory paragraph (s), introduce the public health problem or the issue you are trying to address. Discuss the controversy surrounding the public health issue and policy decision. You should content from your discussion posts from week 4-6.

II. Identification and description of policy options- before writing this section, you will research possible options relevant to the problem that you identified and described. Identify at least 3 policy solutions and answer questions about the public health impact, feasibility, and economic impacts. In this section, you will summarize the answers to the following questions for each of the three policy solutions.

    1. Public Health Impact: Potential for the policy to impact risk factors, quality of life, disparities, morbidity, and mortality.
      • How does the policy address the problem or issue (e.g., increase access, protect from exposure)?
      • What is the magnitude, reach, and distribution of benefit and burden (including impact on the risk factor, quality of life, morbidity, and mortality)?
      • What population(s) will benefit? How much? When?
      • What population(s) will be negatively impacted? How much? When?
      • Will the policy impact health disparities/health equity? How?
      • Are there gaps in the data/evidence-base?
    2. Feasibility*: Likelihood that the policy can be successfully adopted and implemented.
      • Political: What are the current political forces, including political history, environment, and policy debate?
      • Political: Who are the stakeholders, including supporters and opponents? What are their interests and values?
      • Political: What are the potential social, educational, and cultural perspectives associated with the policy option (e.g., lack of knowledge, fear of change, a force of habit)?
      • Political: What are the potential impacts of the policy on other sectors and high priority issues (e.g., sustainability, economic impact)?
      • Operational: What are the resource, capacity, and technical needs developing, enacting, and implementing the policy?
      • Operational: How much time is needed for the policy to be enacted, implemented, and enforced.
      • Operational: How scalable, flexible, and transferable is the policy?
    3. Economic and budgetary impacts: Comparison of the costs to enact, implement, and enforce the policy with the value of the benefits. (Think about budgets and the financial impact hypothetically)
        • Budget: What are the costs and benefits associated with the policy, from a budgetary perspective? o
          • e.g., for the public (federal, state, local) and private entities to enact, implement, and enforce the policy?
        • Economic: How do costs compare to benefits (e.g., cost-savings, costs averted, ROI, cost-effectiveness, cost-benefit analysis, etc.)?
          • How are costs and benefits distributed (e.g., for individuals, businesses, government)? o
          • What is the timeline for costs and benefits?
        • Economic: Where are there gaps in the data/evidence-base?

III. Assessing policy option – Using the policy analysis worksheet, assess each option independently against the criteria. Do not include this or table in your paper. If included, please only add it as an appendix.

    • Based on the ratings assigned from your assessment using the policy analysis worksheet, evaluate the policy alternatives against each other, and prioritize the policy options. Criteria are not intended to be examined in isolation. Which policy(s) you prioritize will depend on the weight you place on the three criteria and the overall analysis.
    • In this section of your paper, describe the results of your evaluation and which policy options are prioritized.

Assignment Guidelines:

  1. Use APA format for references. Include a title page, section headers, and in-text citations.
  2. The title page and reference pages are not included in the page requirement.
  3. References should be from reputable websites and organizations (local, state, and federal websites). Do not use websites such as Wikipedia. Peer-reviewed sources are highly recommended.
  4. Submit the assignment in a word document or pdf.

Below is an idea of how many pages you should have for each section.

  • Title Page
  • Introduction- 1 page
  • Description of Policy Options (summary of findings to questions)- 2 -3 pages
  • Results of Policy Evaluation 2-3 pages
  • Reference Page- 7-10 references at a minimum