isaac et al ., 2016 ). W r i t i n g

isaac et al ., 2016 ). W r i t i n g

NUR400 Discussion Post:

Step 1 Using your PICO question:

1. outline specifically what is your target population and your accessible population?

2. Explain the difference between an accessible and a target population.

(You may create another PICO question if you what to change what you previously wrote, but answer the same sample question.

Step 2 Read and respond to two other students’ posts.

Read other students’ posts and respond to at least two of them. Use your personal experience, if it’s relevant, to support or debate other students’ posts. If differences of opinion occur, debate the issues professionally and provide examples to support your opinions.

Cite any sources in APA 7th edition format.

NUR400 Student Posts:

Student #1:”The target population is who the research wants to study, and the accessible population is who the research can actually study” (Hubbard, 2019, para. 2). Sometimes we are unable to study exactly the group we want to because they are difficult to access or follow. For sociological studies in particular that are heavily based on surveys, interviews, and qualitative data, accessing the desired group is even more difficult.

My PICOT question is as follows: “Would lowering nurse-to-patient ratios in medical-surgical units from their current ratios increase the retention of new graduate nurses in their first two years?”

For this research project, the target population is new graduates in their first two years. The accessible population is nurses working on medical-surgical units. Getting a hold of graduating students and keeping track of their first two years of work can be very difficult and time-consuming. Taking a census of nurses on a medical-surgical unit and seeing how many are in their first two years is much simpler and more direct, however.

Student #2: My PICOT question will be:Does patients in need of Physical and Occupational Therapy will recover faster if the go to an inpatient rehabilitation center or go home with home health care after a knee or hip replacement? Since most of the people that present with this problem is elder population, I will focus my study in elder population.The target population is who the researcher wants to study, and the accessible population is who the researcher can actually study. The accessibility for this type of population will be assisting to rehabilitation centers and home health care agencies.

To do the research I will use Qualitative and Quantitative methods and, I will implement my research process. The steps in the research process include: Identification of researchable problem, review of literature, formulation of the research question or hypothesis, design of the study, implementation of the study, drawing conclusions based on findings, discussion and clinical implications, and dissemination of findings. (Black, 2014, p.228-229).

NUR370 Discussion Post:

Step 1: Answer the following prompts:

  • Examine the role of spirituality in health care, from the perspective of both patients and health care providers.
  • What impact do you see spirituality having on health care decisions and how does it potentially act as an impediment or benefit to the provision of nursing care, as you understand it?

Step 2: Read and respond to two other students’ posts.

Use your personal experience, if it’s relevant, to support or debate other students’ posts. If differences of opinion occur, debate the issues professionally and provide examples to support opinions.

Cite any sources in APA 7th edition format.

NUR370 Student Posts:

Student #1: Cultural competency in health care involves recognizing differences in cultural knowledge and identity, including language and religion, and can be addressed at multiple levels (Isaac et al., 2016). Spirituality, an aspect of cultural identity, has become increasingly recognized as a factor that may impact patients’ health care decisions. A growing awareness of patients’ spiritual practices has led to more consideration of how spirituality may impact patient care (Isaac et al., 2016). Studies indicate patients want their physicians to know their spiritual beliefs to facilitate a better understanding of them as individuals and help physicians understand patients’ decision-making (Isaac et al., 2016). Spirituality and the role of a higher power can become salient in all aspects of a person’s life, including health cognitions, behaviors, outcomes, and explanations/interpretations of why a person gets sick or stays healthy (Isaac et al., 2016).

Spiritual patients may utilize their beliefs in coping with illness, pain, and life stresses. Some studies indicate that spiritual tendons tend to have a more positive outlook and a better quality of life. For example, patients with advanced cancer who found comfort from their religious and spiritual beliefs were more satisfied with their lives, were happier, and had less pain (Puchalski, 2001). Positive reports on those measures—a meaningful personal existence, fulfillment of life goals, and a feeling that life to that point had been worthwhile— correlated with a good quality of life for patients with advanced disease (Puchalski, 2001).

I feel that spirituality has a huge impact on the patients, and it is essential that nurses understand our patients’ spiritual beliefs so that we can help advocate for them. We may not believe in the same thing, but we are not there to judge our patients. We are there to provide care and compassion to our patients and help them through the difficult time they are facing.

Student #2: Spirituality plays a very large role in healthcare. In the beginning a lot of nurses were nuns and many hospitals were affiliated with the catholic church. There is actually a main hospital close to the city I work in that is catholic-based. Most hospitals have chaplains that work for them, often having their own office to be there for people who need prayer or wish to speak to one. Nursing homes often have a chaplain as well. From a healthcare stand point we need to be aware of any religious affiliations that patients may have due to certain religions participating in different practices. For example, Jehovah’s Witnesses do not accept blood product. Certain religions only eat certain foods. This is all something we need to be aware of, especially if a patient is staying in the hospital. From the patient stand point, the patient is going to feel a lot more comfortable knowing that their religious beliefs are going to be upheld by the people taking care of them. “When spirituality is tended to, it can improve patient outcomes including quality of life and can reduce the cost of care. When spirituality is neglected, on the other hand, patient suffering can intensify” (Anna Medaris Miller, 2017, para 5).