horace :“ captive greece held captive H u m a n i t i e s

horace :“ captive greece held captive H u m a n i t i e s

1. In regard to historiography, he was not a father.

(A) Socrates (B) Sima Qian (C) Herodotus (D) Julius Caesar

2. Treatises on natural phenomena are credited to this thinker.

(A) Aristotle (B) Pythagoras (C) Socrates (D) Hesiod

3. Which Persian king conquered Egypt?

(A) Cambyses II (B) Darius (C) Sargon (D) Archimedes

4. Who was Caesar’s great rival for supremacy in Rome?

(A) Pompey (B) Martial (C)s Hadrian (D) Collatinus

5. They were the aristocrats who controlled Rome in the days of the Republic.

(A) patricians (B) priests (C) Caesars (D) plebeians

6. Rome is situated on this body of water.

(A) Po River (B) Tiber River (C) Mediterranean Sea (D) Atlantic Ocean

7. Who urged an intellectual aristocracy in The Republic?

(A) Aristotle (B) Plato (C) Zeno (D) Herodotus

8. It is believed that they spread alphabetic writing to the East.

(A) Babylonians (B) Aramaeans (C) Chaldaeans (D) Sumerians

9. Which city-state exemplified autocracy and totalitarianism?

(A) Athens (B) Sparta (C) Alexandria (D) Persia

10. The Parthenon was this.

(A) the city hall of Athens (B ) a temple to Athena
(C) a theater (D) the residence of Alexander the Great

11. Although he was no Leonardo, this author drew a picture of things geometric.

(A) Euripides (B) Euclid (C) Quintus Horatius Flaccus (D) Ovid

12. While the others listed are traditionally associated with the care
and concern of the living, this genius has been associated with nothing.

(A) Imhotep (B) Hippocrates (C) Theophrastus (D) Brahmagupta

13. Although his magnum opus was just as great as anything produced by the others,
he labored in a completely different genre.

(A) Homer (B) Sima Guang (C) Li Po (D) Hesiod

14. The ancients regularly associated this people with the practice of astrology.

(A) Phoenicians (B) Aramaeans (C) Lydians (D) Chaldaeans

15. Who governed Athens during its “Golden Age”?

(A) Archimedes (B) Herodotus (C) Lycurgus (D) Pericles

16. Who drove the Kushites (Nubians) out of Egypt?

(A) Carthaginians (B) Assyrians (C) Seljuks (D) Kassites

17. This Semitic language is still spoken today.

(A) Coptic (B) Arabic (C) Yiddish (D) Greek

18. It was the chief city of ancient Israel and the site of its temple.

(A) Nineveh (B) Damascus (C) Carthage (D) Jerusalem

19. Chronologically speaking, this one was first.

(A) Cyrus the Great (B) Alexander the Great (C) Julius Caesar (D) Julius II

20. Why was Julius Caesar famous?

(A) democracy (B) poetry (C) science (D) conquest

21. Most of these works provided national origin stories,
but this particular work was more defensive.

(A) The Kebra Nagast (B) The Apology of Socrates (C) The Epic of Gilgamesh (D) The Aeneid

22. They seem to present divergent views of the hereafter.

(A) The Epic of Gilgamesh and Ecclesiastes (B) the Torah and the Chumash
(C) Ecclesiastes and The Bhagavad Gita (D) A and C, but not B

23. They were centers of Islamic education.

(A) Ur and Medina (B) Mecca and Nineveh
(C) Timbuktu and Baghdad (D) Cordoba and Ravenna

24. It played a major role in the Golden Age of Islam.

(A) the printing press (B) paper (c) petroleum (D) calculus

25. He could hardly be described as a sentinel of literature.

(A) Bede (B) Diego de Landa (C) Sima Guang (D) Matteo Ricci

26. Consider the following quote from Horace:

“Captive Greece held captive her uncouth conqueror
and brought the arts to the rustic Latin lands.”

What does the quote mean?

(A) The Romans owed and intellectual debt to the Greeks.

(B) The Greeks and Romans lived side by side.

(C) The Romans had no original culture.

(D) Captured Greeks built the original Roman army.

27. He was a nomothete and a liberator.

(A) Moses (B) Socrates (C) Hesiod (D) A and C, but not D

28. This deity was the central figure in an early monotheistic cult.

(A) Poseidon (B) Aten (C ) Julian (D) Nero

29. He never made it to the Bronx Zoo,
but he devoted a good deal of energy to zoology.

(A) Al-Jahiz (B) Al-Masudi (C) Aristotle (D) A and C, but not B

30. Although the United States did not have an elected woman chief
executive during its first 200 years of existence, this woman ruled over a vast empire.

(A) Cai Lun (B) Mozi (C) Hatshepsut (D) Eustochium

31. This woman helped complete one of the great histories of ancient China.

(A) Ban Zhao (B) Li Si (C) Cixi (D) Wudi

32. They inhabited (the site of) New York City before the advent
of European settlers.

(A) the Cherokee (B) the Lenape (C) the Seminoles (D) the Maya

33. One inspired the other.

(A) Alexander and Achilles (B) Plato and Pythagoras
(C) Homer and Virgil (D) A and C

34. Jack Abramoff’s testimony suggests that this adjective applies to the U.S. Congress.

(A) venial (B) venereal (C) ventral (D) venal

35. Although they might have disagreed, each of these had an opinion about Christ.

(A) The Apostle Paul and Julian the Apostate
(B) The Emperor Constantine and Julius Caesar
(C) Pope Julius and Archimedes (D) St. Athanasius and Cicero


Pope Gelasius I (r. 492-496) on Spiritual and Temporal Power, 494.


Letter of Pope Gelasius to Emperor Anastasius on the superiority of the
spiritual over temporal power: The pope’s view of the natural superiority
of the spiritual over the temporal power finds a clear expression [in]
the following remarkable letter of Gelasius I (494).


There are two powers, august Emperor, by which this world is chiefly ruled, namely, the sacred authority of the priests and the royal power. Of these that of the priests is the more weighty, since they have to render an account for even the kings of men in the divine judgment. You are also aware, dear son, that while you are permitted honorably to rule over human kind, yet in things divine you bow your head humbly before the leaders of the clergy and await from their hands the means of your salvation. In the reception and proper disposition of the heavenly mysteries you recognize that you should be subordinate rather than superior to the religious order, and that in these matters you depend on their judgment rather than wish to force them to follow your will.

If the ministers of religion, recognizing the supremacy granted you from heaven in matters affecting the public order, obey your laws, lest otherwise they might obstruct the course of secular affairs by irrelevant considerations, with what readiness should you not yield them obedience to whom is assigned the dispensing of the sacred mysteries of religion. Accordingly, just as there is no slight danger [in] the case of the priests if they refrain from speaking when the service of the divinity requires, so there is no little risk for those who disdain – which God forbid -when they should obey. And if it is fitting that the hearts of the faithful should submit to all priests in general who properly administer divine affairs, how much the more is obedience due to the bishop of that see which the Most High ordained to be above [all] others, and which is consequently dutifully honored by the devotion of the whole Church.

translated in J. H. Robinson,

Readings in European History, (Boston: Ginn, 1905), pp. 72-73

36. What are the two powers?

(A) the sacerdotal and the regal (B) the ecclesiastical and the natural
(C) the royal and the military (D) the ecclesiastical and the sacred

37. To what does the Pope refer when he mentions
“that see which the Most High ordained to be above [all] others”?
(A) the Roman Catholic Church (B) the Papacy
(C) Hagia Sophia Church (D) the Roman Empire

38. In the fifth century,
whose position was more precarious, the Pope’s or the Emperor’s?
(A) The Pope’s position was more precarious because there were still
several competing religions (e.g., paganism, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism)?
(B) The Emperor’s position was more precarious because he only ruled the
Byzantine Empire and could never reconquer the entire Mediterranean.
(C) The Pope’s position was more precarious because he lived in a realm
ruled by barbarian prince who followed a “heretical” form of Christianity.
(D) The Emperor’s position was more precarious because there was the
constant threat of attack from Attila the Hun.

39. She extolled the virtues of her father and related important,
historical details about the First Crusade.
(A) Enheduanna (B) Fabiola (C) Egeria (D) Anna Comnena

40. She aided Jerome in translating the Bible from Hebrew into Latin.
(A) Paula of Rome (B) Egeria (C) Dhuoda (D) St. Monica