holt street church (# 173 W r i t i n g

holt street church (# 173 W r i t i n g

Why did the issue of Civil rights become more focused after WW2?  Truman’s Commission on Civil Rights in 1947 refocused attention on the issue (which had long been discussed, but back-burnered) in “To Secure These Rights” in Foner #163.  At the same time, put together with the UN Declaration of Human rights, the US was seen as largely out of step with enforcing these freedoms. 

The Bracero program (started in 1942 to fill a labor shortage with the US going to War) was a program that invited “guest workers” from Mexico to fill the void in labor; but when the war was over and the soldiers returned home, they displaced both the Bracero and women workers who had been mobilized for wartime.  Truman continued the Bracero program after the war, renewed it in 1951.  What does Schorr argue for in Reconverting Mexican Americans” foner #160?  What was the McCarren Walters Bill?

  1. Why did the Emmett Till case become a significant flashpoint for renewing and enlarging the Civil Rights movement? How did the approaches for Civil Rights change in the 1950s than in the 1940s?  Look to both the Southern Manifesto (#169) and Dr. King’s Meeting at Holt Street Church (#173) in your consideration.

What were the significant constitutional challenges in the 1950s in the Civil Rights Movement? How did these gain traction?  Who were the key players and critical decisions that brought the movement into the public forefront?  Lastly, how did this build off the previous pushes for civil rights in the US? 

  1. Why do we consider the Civil Rights movement to be a product of the mid-20th century? How are the issues and tactics at this time different than previous efforts at obtaining civil rights and equality/equity – particularly with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1865, and with the efforts of discussion by Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, and WEB DuBois?