gave minorities disparate life chances compared W r i t i n g
Assigment 1 : 500 words, please cite this.
you will read a newspaper and identify a news article (from within the last 1 year) that speaks to issues of class and inequality in the United States or anywhere else in the world. You will use one concept or framework from our lectures on class and inequality to analyze the article you have selected. Provide a working link to the news article or attach a pdf.
Assignment 2: 100 words each
Please respond to the student post below about the assignment above
In this article, the author points out that the imbalance of economic development is still a big problem in China, including the development gap between urban and rural areas and between different regions, including the the income disparity, and the inequality of opportunity. Therefore, the author thinks that China needs to deepen the reform of income redistribution system in order to narrow the income disparity.
To achieve this, the author contends that China must first establish a well functioning and fair market mechanism. Then, adjust the taxation and improve social welfare to redistribute to low-income class. The third is to invest in human capital, balancing the differences of personal development ability so that the gap between different classes will be narrowed. This is because that the differences of knowledge, skills and education level of individuals can be attributed to their economic backgrounds, which is also the result of unbalanced distribution of public resources.
Therefore, it is necessary to strictly implement the policy of redistribution of public resources, provide fair public services, and take measures to curb corruption and rent-seeking, so as to solve the problem of unbalanced economic development in China.
This article supports the concept of redistribution, which is a form of exchange in which goods are collected from the members of the group and reallocated in a different pattern. By tackeling this issue of imbalance of economic development in China, it can contribute to the equality of wealth and resources.
Resource: Moving toward to common prosperity
Dr. Lisa Cook, in fact an MSU economist, writes in the New York Times that historically racist policies have stunted present-day economic growth. Her article, “Racism Impoverishes the Whole Economy,” supports the claims made by many anthropologists such as Catherine Newman that the concept of a meritocracy does not offer a comprehensive look at the cause of economic inequities. Rather, one must also consider the structural mechanisms in place that have uniquely disadvantaged certain groups of people. Cook gives examples that support the structural hypothesis. President Woodrow Wilson’s policy that segregated the American bureaucracy led African Americans to discriminately lose out on potential wages. Likewise, she points to the California policy banning affirmative action and the low number of black girls in advanced high school math courses. All these policies systemically prevented minorities from gaining the money or skills needed to thrive in the United States. Wilson-era black civil servants were simply poorer than their white counterparts. They were in a lower class which, as research shows, disadvantages their children and the next generation. The latter policies kept minority young adults from obtaining as much education as white young adults. This too put them at an economic disadvantage. In short, all these policies from the past have implications on the present day because it gave minorities disparate life chances compared to their white counterparts.
She also points to economic research arguing that, because historic racism kept african-americans out of prestigious jobs such as medicine and instead pushed them into low-skill jobs, the larger economy has lost out on significant growth. On an individual level, though, that system severely disadvantaged african americans then and now. Had those individuals been allowed to practice medicine, law, or any other high-paying job with significant prestige, their next generation would be better off. Their kids would have grown up with more money which gets passed down through the years. However, because they were kept out of such roles, that wealth never came. Instead, they were forced into menial jobs with no prestige, resulting in menial wages which, as discussed in class, predicts the social class of their children and grandchildren.