dropping illiteracy levels among school children W r i t i n g

dropping illiteracy levels among school children W r i t i n g

The topic choice is The Salem Witch Trails. There is a research paper that goes with this and they both aren’t due until Nov 29th at 11:59pm.

To prepare for your Research paper, you will submit an annotated bibliography that contains at least four (4) secondary sources. These sources should come from the JTCC library databases (Links to an external site.), OR another CREDIBLE source (use your best judgment for evaluating source material). For each source, you will provide a paragraph length annotation. Make sure your selected sources will aid in your research and provide substance for your long research paper.


  • You must provide at least four (4) sources
  • Each source should be a critical argument on the topic you’ve selected for your research paper
  • Sources that only provide biographical information, generalizations, or plot summary are unacceptable; the source MUST provide an argument and make a point


  • The annotation for each source should be a paragraph in length, at least 150-200 words.
  • You must include a brief summary of the source. This summary should include the author’s thesis (as a paraphrase) and be no more than about 50 words
  • You must provide an analysis of how you may use the source in your paper
  • For more information on how to write an annotated bibliography (Links to an external site.), you should view the Purdue OWL’s website

MLA Style

  • Your bibliography should be formatted according to MLA format
  • For each source, you must provide an MLA citation (Links to an external site.)
    • the annotated bibliography should be formatted as citation first, followed by annotation

Mechanics, Grammar, and Punctuation

Here is something to help

Annotated Bibliographies

How to Write an Annotation

Why write an annotated bibliography?

  • You can discover what your source contains (analysis).
  • You can discover how best to use that information in your paper (organization).
  • You can discover how to restate your topic into a “working” thesis (purpose).

The first 3 questions:

  • What is the main, or most significant idea of this source?
  • What is the author trying to do (purpose)?
  • Who do you think is the author’s intended audience?

Combine the Answers:

Example: Smith focuses on dropping illiteracy levels among school children, categorizing socioeconomic levels, racial groups, and parents’ educational background. Aiming at a general audience, Smith attempts to convince his readers that most children do poorly in school because their parents don’t work with them in home study sessions.

The next two questions:

  • What parts of the subject does the source emphasize or de-emphasize?
  • What assumptions does the author make about the topic or audience?

Again, you combine the answers:

Example: The author emphasizes that parents need to be more involved in their children’s education and assumes that these parents have the time, expertise, and the inclination to do so.

The final three questions:

  • Is there any bias or slant in the source?
  • Are there obvious omissions that seem important to the ideas being discussed?
  • Does the evidence clearly support the author’s main points?

The last sentences:

Example: While Smith’s data supports his position, his solutions seem too simplistic and very general. Because he ignores the busy schedules, as well as the attitudes and expectations of some parents, his “just do it” advice doesn’t seem likely to change the situation.

Extra Tips:

  • Combine answers where possible
  • Write 5-8 sentences that describe the information and ideas from each source
  • Use an MLA type Works Cited page with a paragraph of analysis for each source
  • Use alphabetical order
  • Double-space everything
  • Use a hanging indent for citations

Some useful verbs (Links to an external site.) to include in your annotations include asks, interrogates, queries, argues, juxtaposes, invokes, claims, studies, surveys, deals with, traces, employs, adheres to (an approach), emphasizes, compares, outlines.