download free ebooks online ?,” official site H u m a n i t i e s

download free ebooks online ?,” official site H u m a n i t i e s

I have the worksheet with list of question. You just need to review my classmate’s essay and do the peer review. I will upload the peer review sheet. and here is my classmate’s essay 11/30/2021

Stella Pekarsky, Chair of the Fairfax County School Board.

Stella Pekarsky, as the chair of the Fairfax County School Board, I see you as the best person to turn towards in regards to an ongoing situation gripling our school systems. I am a student of George Mason University which lies within Fairfax County, and so too falls under your jurisdiction. The school board has a strong history of handling situations related to books and access to them in institutional libraries [10]. Big publishers such as Pearson and whatever comes out of the McGraw-Hill and Cengage merger that is currently under antitrust review by the Department of Justice aim to accelerate the widespread adoption of programs like Inclusive Access across the country [4]. To break Inclusive Access down to its simplest explanation: publishers are working with universities to create programs to add textbook costs onto semester charges like you would add a charge for a lab class for special deals and promotions. It appears to benefit all parties, publishers gain access to customers through the constant flow of students in the education system, and schools gain reduced pricing or bulk purchasing of materials they intended to purchase anyway. Deals like these tend to cut out third party sellers or alternatives to the publisher being bargained with [4]. Those for-profit companies are easily able to raise their prices without the college being able to really do anything about that. Some inclusive access deals require that, as publishers have the power to lower discounts if not enough students use inclusive access, the New York Times reporting that they would lower discounts with a number as low as ninety percent. George Mason University’s main textbook supplier is the Barnes & Noble in the Johnson Center, Barnes & Noble is one of the companies mentioned in several lawsuits focused on Inclusive Access that, as Edsurge states, stem from selfish practices [9]. In order to foster a safe environment for students, it must be made with students in mind. It must be made in a way that its students don’t feel taken advantage of. Students are actively being hurt by these programs by universities, places of learning, that they thought they could trust. The University should not make or promote certain decisions, but should facilitate ways for students to make their own choices. Like how a mall acts as a hub for stores for customers to buy from and the mall does not tell the customer where to buy, neither should the University.

Many students now purchase electronic versions of textbooks as there has been a great push towards online based or technologically enhanced resources in the classroom. The transition to all online for many classes during the COVID-19 pandemic has also shown how important these resources are for students to have. Online textbooks often offer a rent or buy feature, like you would a house, and like purchasing a house the price range for the two options are very different. The issue with this is that online textbooks often expire. Only being accessible for a semester’s worth of classes. But if a student were to fail the class or if they would want to review for information that is prevalent in another class that used previous information then they would be unable to access the textbook without purchasing a new copy. For many, this is not a valid option and is seen as unfair. Failing a class or wanting to review information already learned should not be something that is punished with a fine like a speeding ticket for someone who breaks the law. This leads to students seeking alternative stores or places on the internet to gain access to these walled off textbooks that come with an unfair fee. The price might be paid later on however, by the University or the student, as the online textbook they download might be loaded with malware [7]. This is relevant to you as, since in August of 2021, eight hundred and thirty schools in the United States have been disrupted by malware and ransomware attacks alone [8]. This is the worst case scenario as a lose-lose situation, Students and possibly even the school’s systems are compromised while the publisher does not gain any profit. It is made understood that a school board would not approve of this illegal attainment, but if what the student is doing intends to benefit their performance in the classroom it falls on the school system to create avenues of support to guide students away from bad practices. Money that is used to fix disruptions and other damages due to malware could have been spent to prevent these issues in the first place.

Student spending on textbooks fell 14% during 2018 to 2019 [4]. I haven’t paid for a textbook since my freshman year, and I haven’t felt like I needed a textbook since my first semester. During a communication class, I was solicited by the teacher to purchase a copy of a non refundable textbook that cost $80. It was recommended, as it had been written by the department. The instructions for the few projects we did were in the textbook, yes, but only one set of instructions was necessary for the largely group based work that we did in that class. This often led to scenarios where 5 or more people were carrying around an extra weight in their backpack for something that could have been given as a worksheet. In fact, they were worksheets, as you were intended to rip those pieces of paper out of your textbook since it was non refundable and you might as well do something with it. To this day, it sits still in my closet, mocking me. I feel stupid for buying the worthless thing, and I don’t think I am the only student in the entire history of George Mason University, or any University in the Fairfax County School System, or any University in Virginia, or any University in the United States, or any University on this planet Earth who has felt that way. But at least I still have that textbook, if I ever need it for a future class. Or if I wanted to sell it to some freshman sap to try and make some coin back. I have a choice with what I do with it, unlike with an e-textbook. A digital edition cannot be resold or given away after use, it goes up in smoke. And if it didn’t expire and I wanted to let someone else use it instead of having to pay full price, these online textbook companies can remove your ability to even see it if they realize that multiple people are looking at the same book due to it violating their terms of service. A similar practice would be Netflix flagging an account with an active subscription for suspicious activity such as multiple unique IP addresses accessing their library. Corporations make money due to redundant purchases. And unless someone, such as you Stella Pekarsky, does something? Nothing is going to change, and it’s only going to get worse. Pearson continues to “stand by the inclusive access model,” and whatever company is created out of the McGraw-Hill and Cengage merger that is mid antitrust review by the Department of Justice aims to accelerate the widespread adoption of programs like Inclusive Access across the country [4,6].

Due to the stigma against working with publishers directly there has been a push across some brave school systems towards testing out something dubbed as Open Education Resources or OERs in short. The interesting thing about these OERs is that they are not restricted to just textbooks. This could be publicly uploaded recordings of lectures, homework, or anything else that could be relevant to the classroom. And what’s also amazing is that as it has been found that there is no statistical difference between instruction learned from a traditional and a digital textbook, the same is true here for these OERS that are also often free. If schools went with widespread adoption of OERs instead of fragile agreement based Inclusive Access promises, then the publishers would lose the power that they’ve placed themselves to obtain. Free resources like the Youtube Channel Crash Course count as an OER, and I have personally seen OERs used in the classroom as a student of Fairfax County’s Public Schools. By having curated free resources that seek to genuinely educate students instead of purchasing resources that are made to make a profit off of students, this would be a valid solution to the publisher issue afflicting school systems across the nation. Taking a stance like this is feasible, as shown by Educause’s program that ends up saving their school one hundred thousand dollars for students through use of OERs [5].

Thank you for your time,

Leonora Bulgrin

[4] A. Carrns, “That digital textbook? your college has billed you for it,” The New York Times, 28-Feb-2020. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 9-Nov-2021].

[6] J. R. Young, “Colleges are striking bulk deals with textbook publishers. critics say there are many downsides. – edsurge news,” EdSurge, 23-May-2019. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 12-Nov-2021].

[8] S. Sabin, “Schools brace for Ransomware attacks,” POLITICO, 09-Aug-2021. [Online]. Available:

[10] H. Natanson, “Fairfax School System pulls two books from libraries after complaints over sexual content,” The Washington Post, 29-Sep-2021. [Online]. Available: