“ common sense ,” 97 ). note H u m a n i t i e s

“ common sense ,” 97 ). note H u m a n i t i e s

Paper two see the uploaded document.

Paper One


  • Chapter 5 and 6 in Give Me Liberty! (textbook)—for context and background
  • Chapter 5 and 6 in Voices of Freedom (reader)

WRITE: Using the assigned primary sources in your reader listed above, write a 750-1,000 word paper (roughly 3-4 double spaced pages) that responds to ONE of the following questions with a clearly articulated thesis/argument:

  1. Is there a unified sense of American identity presented in the primary sources that pushes forward a consistent desire for independence from Great Britain or are they disjointed? Are there definitive sides to this argument that are pushing for independence or resisting this urge? If there are separate arguments going on, which is the most compelling?
  2. Eric Foner references a “revolution within,” but what does this mean? What is this revolution? Is it running counter to the cause of liberty, equality, and revolution or complementing it? Could the new nation win the revolution against the British, yet lose the internal revolution that Foner references?


Pick footnotes OR in-text citations for citing within your paper, including a citation to show where information, ideas, and quotes came from right when you use that information, idea, or quote so your reader knows exactly where it came from. Footnotes are strongly preferred:

Footnote: When in a real paper the citation below would appear at the bottom (or foot) of your page. To insert a footnote in Word, go to “References,” then click “Insert Footnote.”

      • Example: Thomas Paine, “Common Sense (1776),” in Voices of Freedom, Vol. 1 6th edition, Eric Foner, ed. (New York: Norton, 2020), 97.

In-text citation:

      • Example: (Paine, “Common Sense,” 97).

NOTE how the footnote and in-text citations above are for the specific document being referenced/used and not the whole book. Eric Foner is the editor, not the author, of the documents and should not be listed as the author unless you are citing/quoting the secondary material (which is permissible as long as you keep it to a minimum).

Include a works cited page with a full list of ALL sources you used within your paper (everything cited within your paper should be included in your works cited)

  • Works Cited: Paine, Thomas. “Common Sense (1776),” in Voices of Freedom, Volume 1, 6th edition. Eric Foner, ed. New York: Norton, 2020.

MPORTANT REMINDERS (standard for all papers):

  • The textbook chapters and document introductions in the reader are secondary sources and they provide context and background to understand the primary sources (meaning those written at the time). While secondary sources are useful, remember that this is a primary source paper. You are allowed to use secondary sources if you absolutely must, but do so sparingly. The point of this paper is to use assigned primary sources to craft an argument and support it, so make sure they are the heart of your paper. Papers with an overreliance on the textbook, lectures, document summaries, or outside sources (rather than the assigned primary sources) cannot earn a grade higher than a C.
  • If you decide to do outside research (which is not required or recommended), make sure it supplements the assigned sources. Do not allow them to replace or overshadow what was assigned.
  • All papers must be word-processed, double spaced, and use standard font (12 pt Times New Roman or Calibri). You do not need a title page.
  • Papers must be at least 750 words (shorter will be penalized). Headers, footers, citations, or works cited do NOT go toward the word count. Aim to conclude by around 1,000 words, but longer is allowed as long as the paper remains on topic and actively uses the documents in a productive way to advance and prove the thesis. Papers that ramble on without purpose (especially if they exceed the 1,000-word benchmark) will lose points.
  • You MUST cite your sources using a standard citation convention where you cite within your paper (preferably using Chicago style footnotes, but APA or MLA in-text citations are permissible if that is what you know and can use consistently) AND include a works cited page at the end. See sample citations above.
  • Make sure you have a clear thesis and consistently use documents to prove that thesis. A thesis should be clearly articulated in the introductory paragraph (generally the last sentence) and present an argument you will prove (not simply a statement of fact that cannot be debated). In order to earn a grade higher than a C, you must answer the entire question, have a clear thesis, explicitly use and cite documents, and write with relatively few spelling and grammatical errors. Be sure you are using and analyzing primary sources to prove your thesis, not just summarizing or talking about primary sources without tying to your larger argument.
  • Quoting the documents is good, but do not allow the documents to speak for you and/or make your argument for you. We need to be able to hear your voice and your argument, with the sources as your support to prove it. There is a fine line between good quoting and over quoting. If it is something you can easily paraphrase, do so instead of quoting (but still cite it). If it is a really good, concise quote that perfectly supports your argument and you could not possibly say it better, then quote it (and—again—cite it).