american criminal justice system L a w

american criminal justice system L a w

QUESTION 1

  1. Match the description to the concept.
    Early response to crime.
    Goal of sentencing—an offender makes amends for the crime committed.
    Goal of sentencing—an offender is returned to prior state.
    Goal of sentencing—another term for punishment.
    Goal of sentencing—focused on prevention of future criminal behavior.
    Goal of sentencing—an offender is removed from society and imprisoned.
    The reason for probation and parole.
    Country with an incarceration rate of 115:100,000.
    Country with an incarceration rate of 150:100,000.
    Country with an incarceration rate of 575:100,000.
    Country with an incarceration rate of 690:100,000.
    Levels of government.
    Branches of government.
    Authored a code of harsh punishments.
    This theory focuses on free will, not criminal motivation.
    This theory focuses on free will and mitigating circumstances such as age and insanity.
    Guilty act.
    Guilty mind.
    Level of evidence needed, probation and parole preliminary violation hearing.
    Level of evidence needed for probation and parole revocation hearing.
    A. India
    B. Preponderance of evidence
    C. England
    D. Classicalism
    E. Mens rea
    F. Lex talionis
    G. Subpoena
    H. Germany
    I. Hammurabi
    J. Equity
    K. Probable cause
    L. Retribution
    M. Restitution
    N. Federal, state, county, municipal
    O. Rehabilitation
    P. Beyond a reasonable doubt
    Q. Neoclassicalism
    R. France
    S. Justice and cost
    T. Actus reus
    U. Social Darwinism
    V. Executive, legislative, judicial
    W. Canada
    X. Social debt
    Y. Positivism
    Z. United States
    AA. Deterrence
    AB. Russia
    AC. Incapacitation

QUESTION 2

  1. Although this is not a complete order of events, given the order of events that are provided below, arrange them as they would occur in the American criminal justice system.

    Sentencing

  2. Presentence investigation
  3. Trial (judge/jury)
  4. Arraignment
  5. Crime
  6. Arrest/booking/fingerprinting
  7. Initial court appearance
  8. Preliminary hearing