advi … nur400 discussion question 2 discussion W r i t i n g

advi … nur400 discussion question 2 discussion W r i t i n g

NUR370 Discussion question 1

Discussion: Spirituality in Health Care

Step 1: Answer the following prompts:

  • Examine the role of spirituality in health care, from the perspective of both patients and health care providers.
  • What impact do you see spirituality having on health care decisions and how does it potentially act as an impediment or benefit to the provision of nursing care, as you understand it?

Step 2: Read other students’ posts and respond to at least two of them.

Use your personal experience, if it’s relevant, to support or debate other students’ posts. If differences of opinion occur, debate the issues professionally and provide examples to support opinions.

Cite any sources in APA format.

Response 1 Donna

Cultural competency in health care involves recognizing differences in cultural knowledge and identity, including language and religion, and can be addressed at multiple levels (Isaac et al., 2016). Spirituality, an aspect of cultural identity, has become increasingly recognized as a factor that may impact patients’ health care decisions. A growing awareness of patients’ spiritual practices has led to more consideration of how spirituality may impact patient care (Isaac et al., 2016). Studies indicate patients want their physicians to know their spiritual beliefs to facilitate a better understanding of them as individuals and help physicians understand patients’ decision-making (Isaac et al., 2016). Spirituality and the role of a higher power can become salient in all aspects of a person’s life, including health cognitions, behaviors, outcomes, and explanations/interpretations of why a person gets sick or stays healthy (Isaac et al., 2016).

Spiritual patients may utilize their beliefs in coping with illness, pain, and life stresses. Some studies indicate that spiritual tendons tend to have a more positive outlook and a better quality of life. For example, patients with advanced cancer who found comfort from their religious and spiritual beliefs were more satisfied with their lives, were happier, and had less pain (Puchalski, 2001). Positive reports on those measures—a meaningful personal existence, fulfillment of life goals, and a feeling that life to that point had been worthwhile— correlated with a good quality of life for patients with advanced disease (Puchalski, 2001).

I feel that spirituality has a huge impact on the patients, and it is essential that nurses understand our patients’ spiritual beliefs so that we can help advocate for them. We may not believe in the same thing, but we are not there to judge our patients. We are there to provide care and compassion to our patients and help them through the difficult time they are facing.


Isaac, K., Hay, J., & Lubetkin, E. (2016). Incorporating Spirituality in Primary Care. Journal of Religion and Health, 55(3), 1065–1077. (Links to an external site.)

Puchalski, C. M. (2001). The role of spirituality in health care. Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings, 14(4), 352–357.

Response 2 Amber

Spirituality plays a very large role in healthcare. In the beginning a lot of nurses were nuns and many hospitals were affiliated with the catholic church. There is actually a main hospital close to the city I work in that is catholic-based. Most hospitals have chaplains that work for them, often having their own office to be there for people who need prayer or wish to speak to one. Nursing homes often have a chaplain as well. From a healthcare stand point we need to be aware of any religious affiliations that patients may have due to certain religions participating in different practices. For example, Jehovah’s Witnesses do not accept blood product. Certain religions only eat certain foods. This is all something we need to be aware of, especially if a patient is staying in the hospital. From the patient stand point, the patient is going to feel a lot more comfortable knowing that their religious beliefs are going to be upheld by the people taking care of them. “When spirituality is tended to, it can improve patient outcomes including quality of life and can reduce the cost of care. When spirituality is neglected, on the other hand, patient suffering can intensify” (Anna Medaris Miller, 2017, para 5).

Anna Medaris Miller. (2017). Spirituality in Health Care: Seek and Ye Shall Find. US News & World Report; U.S. News & World Report.…

NUR400 Discussion question 2

Discussion: Target and Accessible Population

Due: Post your initial response by Wednesday night at 11:59pm .

Respond to at least two of your fellow students’ posts.

Step 1 Using your PICO question:

1. outline specifically what is your target population and your accessible population?

2. Explain the difference between an accessible and a target population.

(You may create another PICO question if you what to change what you previously wrote, but answer the same sample question.

Step 2 Read and respond to two other students’ posts.

Read other students’ posts and respond to at least two of them. Use your personal experience, if it’s relevant, to support or debate other students’ posts. If differences of opinion occur, debate the issues professionally and provide examples to support your opinions.

Cite any sources in APA format.

Response 1 Sharon

The target population is who the research wants to study, and the

accessible population is who the research can actually study” (Hubbard,

2019, para. 2). Sometimes we are unable to study exactly the group we

want to because they are difficult to access or follow. For sociological

studies in particular that are heavily based on surveys, interviews,

and qualitative data, accessing the desired group is even more


My PICOT question is as follows: “Would lowering nurse-to-patient ratios in medical-surgical units from their current ratios increase the retention of new graduate nurses in their first two years?”

For this research project, the target population is new graduates in their first two years. The accessible population is nurses working on medical-surgical units. Getting a hold of graduating students and keeping track of their first two years of work can be very difficult and time-consuming. Taking a census of nurses on a medical-surgical unit and seeing how many are in their first two years is much simpler and more direct, however.

Hubbard, L. (2019). What is the difference between the target population and the experimentally accessible population? A Z Central.…

Response 2 Ana

My PICOT question will be: Does patients in need of Physical and

Occupational Therapy will recover faster if the go to an

inpatient rehabilitation center or go home with home health care after a

knee or hip replacement? Since most of the people that present with

this problem is elder population, I will focus my study in elder

population. The target population is who the researcher wants to study,

and the accessible population is who the researcher can actually study.

The accessibility for this type of population will be assisting to

rehabilitation centers and home health care agencies.

To do the research I will use Qualitative and Quantitative methods and, I will implement my research process. The steps in the research process include: Identification of researchable problem, review of literature, formulation of the research question or hypothesis, design of the study, implementation of the study, drawing conclusions based on findings, discussion and clinical implications, and dissemination of findings. (Black, 2014, p.228-229).

NUR4015 Discussion question 3


Step 1: Thoroughly research the issue of “Human Trafficking: The Need for Nursing Advocacy.”

Step 2: Post a response to the discussion board by addressing the following:

  1. The scope of the problem of human trafficking from a global perspective
  2. Human trafficking as a domestic issue
  3. Human trafficking as a health issue
  4. State how nurses can advocate for the victims of human trafficking.

Step 3: Read other students’ posts and respond to at least two of them.

Cite any sources in 7th ed. APA format.

Response Posts: In your responses to your classmates, contribute to the discussion with your own original opinions or interpretation of the course materials.

Response 1 Danielle

Human trafficking is a worldwide problem that seemingly effects all countries. “Human trafficking is a serious crime of forced labor or enslavement. It is also a human rights tragedy. And it happens more often than we might think. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that 12.3 million people are held as slaves around the world, representing a profit to the abusers of $32 billion and an additional loss to the victims of $20 billion.” (Glickstein, 2017). Although American’s tend to think of human trafficking as something the is more common out side of the country the United States is second in the world as the most frequented destination for trafficked people. “Poverty, unemployment, inflation, war, and the lack of a promising future are compelling factors that facilitate the ease with which traffickers recruit people, but they are not the cause of trafficking.” (Glickstein, 2017).

The victims of human trafficking are very prone the health problems, whether it be due to physical violence of negligence & lack of medical attention. ” Common abuses experienced by trafficked persons include rape, torture, and other forms of physical, sexual, and psychological violence.” (Glickstein, 2017). The healthcare system plays a vital role in human trafficking in that they are often the first to identify a victim of this crime. “One study (Links to an external site.) found that close to 50 percent of trafficked individuals saw a health care professional during their exploitation.” (Brangoccio & Waugh, 2018).

Human trafficking is something we seem to all know about but maybe like myself just don’t pay as much attention to it as I should. But as a nurse it is important that we are educated on they signs that a person is being trafficked in order to identify these victims. “Be well informed. Start with investigating what policy and protocols are in place at your health institution and if the issue of human trafficking is being addressed in the nursing curriculum in courses at your university or college.” (Glickstein, 2017). I am unsure if my work place has a policy regarding this so I will be looking into it.


Brangoccio, K., & Waugh, L. (2018, April). Human Trafficking and the Health Care System . Human Trafficking and the Health Care System. https:// B. (2017, March 18). Human Trafficking: The Need for Nursing Advocacy. Nurse Key.…

Response 2 DeVaneia

Globally, one in five victims of human trafficking are children, although in poorer regions and subregions, such as Africa and Greater Mekong, they make up the majority of trafficked persons (Town, n.d.) Nearly every country has been affected by human trafficking and 127 countries have been reported to have been exploited in 137 states.

Human trafficking, the horrific practice of people being abducted or tricked into servitude and exploited for money, is a modern-day form of slavery (Chisolm-Straker et al, 2019). It is both a criminal act and a significant violation of human rights (Chisolm-Straker et al, 2019). Human trafficking poses public health issues both physically and behaviorally, and often times the victims face many barriers to accessing adequate care for their health needs. Some diseases are associated with living in overcrowded areas such as infectious diarrhea, tuberculosis (TB), and malnutrition. Mental health problems including anxiety, depression, panic attacks, and phobias are a result of continuous emotional abuse, torture, and forced labor.

As nurses, one thing we can do is be well informed on the issue and learn about the certain policies and procedures in place at the facilities in which we work at. It is also a good idea to assess and educate community stakeholders, such as shelters, victim-assistance agencies, advocacy groups, and law enforcement agencies, and collaborate with them (Glickstein, 2017).