1 ), 83 – 95 B u s i n e s s F i n a n c e

1 ), 83 – 95 B u s i n e s s F i n a n c e

Response to your peers 

1):  The Issue

The social model of disability emerged from the disability rights movement and sees disability as a problem of inclusion in society and lack of accessibility, not a problem that lies within a person. In this theoretical model disability is seen as what a person encounters via disabling attitudes and environments. One major area we can see this lack of inclusion or disabling environment is playgrounds. Most parks and schools do not have accessible playgrounds where children with or without disabilities can play together. Play is an important part of development. Playgrounds can give children an opportunity to test boundaries, take risks, and engage in social and creative play, as well as expose them to children unlike themselves. By not providing accessible playgrounds we are limiting these experiences for children with and without disabilities. Implementing Universal Design in playgrounds can bring access to all children. Universal Design means designing products in a way that they can be used by all people without the need for adaptation. A simple example of Universal Design in daily life would be a ramp instead of stairs rather than in addition to stairs (Burke, 2013).

Using Action Research to Promote Change

Universal Design can be complicated to get right for everybody because there are a range of disabilities and ability levels in every child. This is where action research can come into play. The community can be involved through surveys and discussions that help us understand the different needs of the community. There would need to be reflection throughout the process to see what is working and what isn’t. The community would have an active part in this reflection process. Another part of promoting social change would be advocating for more accessible spaces. I would do this through engaging with the public through an education campaign. Many people aren’t even aware of Universal Design and the need for accessible playgrounds for children. An important part of promoting social change would be education so that the community understands why this is an important issue.


Burke, J. (2013). Just for the fun of it: Making playgrounds accessible to all children. World Leisure Journal, 55(1), 83–95. https://doi.org/10.1080/04419057.2012.759144 

2):Social Issue

The social issue that I feel will benefit students in our community is promoting equity in education. It is no surprise that families are affected by this social issue. Students are often impacted by the implicit biases of their teachers, counselors, and other school personnel. So it is essential to acknowledge that the bias exists and work as a team to promote equity amongst the students, not equality. It is vital to meet each child where they are, identify their needs, and develop a plan to meet those needs. 

Action Research

Action research is a unique methodology that tends to be used most often in helping professions such as education. By using action research, you have the potential to create a path toward resolving the disconnect between your research and your practice. (Herr & Anderson, 2005) A way to address this issue in the community is to have a panel discussion with the stakeholders where parents can ask questions. Also, offer them resources to help them achieve the needs of their students.

Participants Used/Questions Answered

The participants in my study are students from minority backgrounds, low-income areas, single-parent households, students with disabilities, and first-generation English language, learners. What are the barriers to their academic success? What type of teaching works best for them? Therefore by answering these questions, one can get a sense of where things are to better advocate for the students.